Peru, with its sprawling coastline along the Pacific Ocean and a rich tapestry of indigenous, colonial, and global influences, is a culinary powerhouse. The nation’s relationship with the sea is deeply reflected in its diverse array of fish dishes. Let’s embark on a gastronomic journey, exploring the fish delicacies that are quintessentially Peruvian.
Arguably the most iconic Peruvian dish, ceviche is a celebration of fresh fish. Raw fish, typically sea bass or flounder, is marinated in freshly squeezed lime juice, mixed with red onions, chili peppers, and cilantro. Served with sweet potato and corn, this dish is a harmonious blend of tangy, spicy, and sweet flavors.
Drawing inspiration from both ceviche and Japanese sashimi, tiradito features thinly sliced raw fish drizzled with a spicy citrus sauce. Unlike ceviche, the fish in tiradito is not marinated for long, resulting in a delicate dish that emphasizes the fish’s natural flavor.
Arroz con Mariscos
A testament to Peru’s love for rice dishes, arroz con mariscos is a vibrant seafood rice dish. A medley of fish and shellfish is cooked with rice, vegetables, and a blend of spices, offering a dish that’s both hearty and flavorful.
Sudado de Pescado
Sudado de pescado is a comforting fish stew, simmered in a tomato and onion sauce with a hint of chili. The fish, often accompanied by yucca or potatoes, absorbs the rich flavors of the sauce, making it a favorite among locals and tourists alike.
A robust seafood soup, parihuela is a culinary reflection of Peru’s maritime bounty. Fish, shellfish, and a variety of seafood are simmered in a spicy broth infused with Peruvian spices and herbs. This soup, with its depth of flavors, is often considered a remedy for hangovers and cold days.
Chortos a la Calaca
A nod to Peru’s love for mollusks, choritos a la chalaca features mussels topped with a zesty mix of onions, tomatoes, corn, and chili peppers. Served cold, this dish is a refreshing appetizer, perfect for coastal gatherings.
Peru’s fish dishes are a testament to the nation’s rich culinary heritage and its deep connection to the Pacific Ocean. From the tangy allure of ceviche to the comforting embrace of sudado de pescado, Peruvian fish cuisine promises a delightful gastronomic adventure. For those keen to experience the vibrant flavors of South America, Peru’s fish dishes offer a captivating and flavorful journey.