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Shrimp Tagine

Egypt’s Seafood Saga: A Culinary Cruise Along the Nile and Mediterranean

by Gastronomy team

Egypt, the cradle of ancient civilizations, is not only home to pyramids and pharaohs but also a rich culinary heritage that mirrors its historic grandeur. With the life-giving Nile flowing through its heart and the Mediterranean caressing its north, Egypt boasts a seafood cuisine that’s as timeless as its hieroglyphs. Let’s dive into the seafood treasures of Egypt.


A coastal favorite, sayadiyah is a rice and fish dish that captures the essence of the Mediterranean. Seasoned fish, often sea bass or grouper, is baked or fried and then served atop spiced rice. Accompanied by a tangy tahini sauce, it’s a harmonious blend of flavors and textures.


A dish reserved for the Sham el-Nessim festival, fesikh is fermented, salted fish. This ancient delicacy, which dates back to the time of the pharaohs, is an acquired taste and is often enjoyed with flatbread, onions, and a dash of lemon.

Bouri Meshwi (Grilled Mullet)

Mullet, abundant in the Nile and the Mediterranean, is a popular choice among Egyptians. Simply grilled and seasoned with spices, it’s often enjoyed with a side of baladi bread and tahini dip.

Shrimp Tagine

Drawing inspiration from the broader North African culinary palette, this dish features shrimp cooked in a clay pot with tomatoes, peppers, and a medley of spices. The slow-cooked preparation results in a dish that’s aromatic and deeply flavorful.

Calamari Mahshi

A unique twist on stuffed dishes, calamari mahshi involves squid tubes filled with a mix of rice, herbs, and spices, then simmered in a tomato-based sauce. It’s a delightful fusion of the sea’s freshness and the earth’s robust flavors.

Egypt’s Seafood Connection

From the bustling fish markets of Alexandria to the tranquil banks of the Nile, Egypt’s tryst with seafood is both historic and contemporary. The nation’s diverse aquatic ecosystems, from the freshwater Nile to the salty Mediterranean, have given rise to a seafood culture that’s deeply rooted in tradition.

Why Seafood in Egypt? Egypt’s strategic location, combined with its ancient fishing traditions, ensures a bounty of fresh seafood. The Nile, teeming with fish like tilapia and catfish, and the Mediterranean, rich with shrimp and sea bass, provide a seafood variety that’s both flavorful and culturally significant.

Egypt’s seafood dishes offer a culinary journey through the nation’s millennia-old history and its vast aquatic landscapes. From the traditional fesikh to the contemporary shrimp tagine, Egypt serves up a seafood experience that’s as diverse and dynamic as its storied past. For those seeking the maritime flavors of North Africa with a dash of ancient allure, Egypt’s seafood saga promises a gastronomic adventure that’s both regal and relatable.

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